Flora & Fauna

Birds

The Bald Eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus, has been the national emblem of the United States since 1782. Bald eagle populations began declining in the 1800s, and by 1963, only 417 nesting pairs were in the Lower 48 states. However, following the ban of DDT pesticide in 1972 and enactment of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, the population has recovered. By 2007, there were thought to be 10,000 nesting pairs in the Lower 48 states. Bald eagles have also been sighted at Greens WetBank.

Bird Species

COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME
Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens
Accipiter sp. Accipter sp.
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus
American Coot Fulica americana
American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos
American Goldfinch Carpodacus tristis
American Kestrel Falco sparverius
American Pipet Anthus rubescens
American Robin Turdus migratorius
American Wigeon Anas americana
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula
Bank Swallow Riparia riparia
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Barred Owl Strix varia
Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon
Black Necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
Black-bellied Whistling Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Black-Throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea
Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors
Boat-tailed Grackle Quiscalus major
Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platyperus
Brown Thrasher Taxostoma rufum
Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater
Canada Goose Branta canadensis
Carolina Chickadee Parus carolinensis
Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum
Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica
Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina
Cliff Swallow Hirundo pyrrhonota
Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas
Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii
Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway
Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis
Dickcissel Spiza americana
Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus
Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens
Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis
Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus
Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna
Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe
Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens
European Starling Sturnus vulgaris
Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla
Fish Crow Corvus ossifragus
Foster's Tern Sterna fosteri
Fulvous Whistling Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Gadwall Anas strepera
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa
Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias
Great Egret Casmerodius albus
Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus
Great-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca
Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus
Green Heron Butorides virescens
Green-backed Heron Butorides striatus
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca
Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus
Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus
Herring Gull Larus argentatus
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus
Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina
House Wren Troglodytes aedon
Inca Dove Columbina inca
Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanca
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus
Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla
Le Conte's Sparrow Ammodramus leconteii
Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis
Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla
Lesser Scaup Athya affinis
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes
Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus
Mallard Anas platyrhnchos
Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris
Mottled Duck Anas fulvigula
Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis
Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus
Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus
Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos
Northern Parula Parula americana
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi
Orange-crowned Warbler Vermivora celata
Orchard Oriole Icterus spurious
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris
Phalacrocorax sp. Phalacrocorax sp.
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps
Pigeon Columba livia
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus
Pine Warbler Dendroica pinus
Prairie Warbler Dendroica discolor
Purple Gallinule Porphyrula martinica
Purple Martin Progne subis
Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus
Redhead Duck Anas americana
Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus
Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus
Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis
Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis
Ring-necked Duck Anas collaris
Roseate Spoonbill Ajaja ajaja
Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula
Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris
Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus
Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis
Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus
Snow Goose Chen caerulescens
Snowy Egret Egretta thula
Solitary Sandpiper Egretta thula
Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia
Sora Porzana carolina
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia
Summer Tanager Piranga rubra
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni
Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor
Tufted Titmouse Parus bicolor
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
Virginial Rail Rallus limicola
Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis
White Ibis Eudocimus albus
White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus
White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi
White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons
White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis
Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata
Wilson's Warbler Wilsonia pusilla
Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
Wood Duck Aix sponsa
Wood Stork Mycteria Americana
Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina
Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus
Yellow-crowned Night-heron Nyctanassa violacea
Yellow-rumped Warbler Dendroica coronata
Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons